Archive for the ‘Prophet’ Category

Some of the famous people in history who read the biography of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, could not help but admit that he was a master with excellent manners and an honorable character, and the following are some of their sayings:

Michael Hart , author of ‘The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History’ said:
“My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular level.”

George Bernard Shaw, the British playwright said:
“The world is in dire need of a man with the mind of Muhammad; religious people in the Middle Ages, due to their ignorance and prejudice, had pictured him in a very dark way as they used to consider him the enemy of Christianity. But after looking into the story of this man I found it to be an amazing and a miraculous one, and I came to the conclusion that he was never an enemy of Christianity, and must be called instead the savior of humanity. In my opinion, if he was to be given control over the world today, he would solve our problems and secure the peace and happiness which the world is longing for.”

Annie Besant, wrote in ‘The Life and Teachings of Muhammad’ :
“It is impossible for anyone who studies the personality of the great Prophet of the Arabs, and come to know how this prophet he used to live, and how he taught the people, but to feel respect towards this honorable prophet; one of the great messengers whom Allaah sent”

Alphonse de La Martaine wrote in ‘Historie de la Turquie’:
“If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astonishing results are the three criteria of a human genius, who could dare compare any great man in history with Muhammad? The most famous men created arms, laws, and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples, dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and the souls. Philosopher, Orator, Apostle, Legislator, Conqueror of Ideas, Restorer of Rational beliefs… The founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire — that is Muhammad. As regards all standards by which human greatness may be measured, we may well ask, is there any man greater than he?”

J.W.H. Stab wrote in ‘Islam and its Founder ’ :
“ Judged by the smallness of the means at his disposal, and the extent and permanence of the work that he accomplished, no name in world’s history shines with a more specious luster than that of the Prophet of Makkah. To the impulse, which he gave, numberless dynasties have owed their existence, fair cities and stately palaces and temples have arisen, and wide provinces became obedient to the Faith. And beyond all this, his words have governed the belief of generations, been accepted as their rule of life, and their certain guide to the world to come. At a thousand shrines the voices of the faithful invoke blessings on him, whom they esteem the very Prophet of God, the seal of the Apostles… Judged by the standards to human renown, the glory of what mortal can compare with his?”

Dr. Gustav Weil writes in ‘History of the Islamic Peoples ’:
“Muhammad was a shining example to his people. His character was pure and stainless. His house, his dress, his food – they were characterized by a rare simplicity. So unpretentious was he that he would receive from his companions no special mark of reverence, nor would he accept any service from his slave which he could do for himself. He was accessible to all and at all times. He visited the sick and was full of sympathy for all. Unlimited was his benevolence and generosity as also was his anxious care for the welfare of the community.”

The British philosopher, Thomas Carlyle, who won the Nobel Prize for his book ‘The Heroes’ wrote:
“It is a great shame for any one to listen to the accusation that Islaam is a lie and that Muhammad was a fabricator and a deceiver. We saw that he remained steadfast upon his principles, with firm determination; kind and generous, compassionate, pious, virtuous, with real manhood, hardworking and sincere. Besides all these qualities, he was lenient with others, tolerant, kind, cheerful and praiseworthy and perhaps he would joke and tease his companions. He was just, truthful, smart, pure, magnanimous and present-minded; his face was radiant as if he had lights within him to illuminate the darkest of nights; he was a great man by nature who was not educated in a school nor nurtured by a teacher as he was not in need of any of this.”

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the German writer said:
“Us, Europeans, with all our concepts could not reach what Muhammad has reached, and no one will be able to precede him. I have looked in the history of humanity for an example and found that it was Muhammad, as the truth must be revealed. Indeed, Muhammad succeeded to subdue the entire world to monotheism”.

Annie Besant, The Life and Teachings of Muhammad, Madras 1932, p. 4:
“It is impossible for anyone who studies the life and character of the great Prophet of Arabia, who knows how he taught and how he lived, to feel anything but reverence for that mighty Prophet, one of the great messengers of the Supreme. And although in what I put to you I shall say many things which may be familiar to many, yet I myself feel whenever I re-read them, a new way of admiration, a new sense of reverence for that mighty Arabian teacher.”

James A. Michener, ‘Islam: The Misunderstood Religion’ in Reader’s Digest (American Edition), May 1955, pp. 68-70:
“Muhammad, the inspired man who ” founded Islam “, was born about A.D. 570 into an Arabian tribe that worshipped idols. Orphaned at birth, he was always particularly solicitous of the poor and needy, the widow and the orphan, the slave and the downtrodden. At twenty he was already a successful businessman, and soon became director of camel caravans for a wealthy widow. When he reached twenty-five, his employer, recognizing his merit, proposed marriage. Even though she was fifteen years older, he married her, and as long as she lived, remained a devoted husband.
“Like almost every major prophet before him, Muhammad fought shy of serving as the transmitter of God’s word, sensing his own inadequacy. But the angel commanded ‘Read’. So far as we know, Muhammad was unable to read or write, but he began to dictate those inspired words which would soon revolutionize a large segment of the earth: “There is one God.”
“In all things Muhammad was profoundly practical. When his beloved son Ibrahim died, an eclipse occurred, and rumors of God’s personal condolence quickly arose. Whereupon Muhammad is said to have announced, ‘An eclipse is a phenomenon of nature. It is foolish to attribute such things to the death or birth of a human-being.’
“At Muhammad’s own death an attempt was made to deify him, but the man who was to become his administrative successor killed the hysteria with one of the noblest speeches in religious history: ‘If there are any among you who worshipped Muhammad, he is dead. But if it is God you worshipped, He lives forever.'”

Thomas Caryle – Heros and Heros Worship
“…The lies (Western slander) which well-meaning zeal has heaped round this man (Muhammed) are disgraceful to ourselves only…How one man single-handedly, could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades….A silent great soul, one of that who cannot but be earnest. He was to kindle the world; the world’s Maker had ordered so.”

Stanley Lane-Poole – Table Talk of the Prophet
“He was the most faithful protector of those he protected, the sweetest and most agreeable in conversation. Those who saw him were suddenly filled with reverence; those who came near him loved him; they who described him would say, “I have never seen his like either before or after.” He was of great taciturnity, but when he spoke it was with emphasis and deliberation, and no one could forget what he said…”

George Bernard Shaw – The Genuine Islam Vol.No.8, 1936.
“I believe if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring much needed peace and happiness.
I have studied him – the man and in my opinion is far from being an anti–Christ. He must be called the Savior of Humanity.
I have prophesied about the faith of Mohammad that it would be acceptable the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.”

Stanley Lane-Poole, in his work, “The Speeches and Table Talk of the Prophet Mohammad” adds:
“The day of Mohammad’s greatest triumph over his enemies was also the day of his grandest victory over himself. He freely forgave the Koraysh all the years of sorrow and cruel scorn in which they had afflicted him and gave an amnesty to the whole population of Makkah. Four criminals whom justice condemned made up Mohammad’s proscription list, when he entered as a conqueror to the city of his bitterest enemies. The army followed his example, and entered quietly and peacefully; no house was robbed, no women insulted. One thing alone suffered destruction. Going to the Kaaba, Mohammad stood before each of the three hundred and sixty idols, and pointed to it with his staff, saying, ‘Truth has come and falsehood has fled away!’ and at these words his attendants hewed them down, and all the idols and household gods of Makkah and round about were destroyed. It was thus Mohammad entered again his native city, Through all the annals of conquest there is no triumphant entry comparable to this one.”

John Davenport, in “An Apology for Mohammad and the Koran” states:
“With all that simplicity which is so natural to a great mind, he performed the humblest offices whose homeliness it would be idle to conceal with pompous diction; even while Lord of Arabia, he mended his own shoes and coarse woolen garments. milked the ewes, swept the hearth, and kindled the fire. Dates and water were his usual fare and milk and honey his luxuries. When he traveled he divided his morsel with the servant. The sincerity of his exhortations to benevolence was justified at his death by the exhausted state of his coffers”

K. S. Ramakrishna Rao in his book ‘Mohammed: The Prophet of Islam’ writes:
“The personality of Muhammad is most difficult to get the whole truth of it. Only a glimpse of him I can catch. What dramatic succession of picturesque scenes? There is Muhammad the Prophet; there is Muhammad the General; Muhammad the King; Muhammad the Warrior; Muhammad the Businessman; Muhammad the Preacher; Muhammad the Philosopher; Muhammad the Statesman; Muhammad the Orator; Muhammad the Reformer; Muhammad the Refuge of Orphans; Muhammad the Protector of Slaves; Muhammad the Emancipator of Women; Muhammad the Judge; Muhammad the Saint… In all these magnificent roles and in all these departments of human activities he is equally a hero.”

Mahatma Gandhi, speaking on the character of Muhammad said …
“I wanted to know the best of one who holds today’s undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind….I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to this friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the Prophet’s biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life.” [Young India]


  • One can almost hear the Prophet’s protestation as recorded in the Qur’an; “Say: I am only a mortal like you. My Lord inspireth in me that your God is only One God. And whoever hopeth for the meeting with his Lord, let him do righteous work, and make none share of the worship due unto his Lord.” (Qur’an 18:110)

    The Qur’an repeatedly stresses his mortality; “Muhammad is no more than an Apostle. Apostles before him have passed away. If he dies or is slain, will ye then turn on your heels? And he who turneth on his heels shall not in the least injure Allah. And Allah will soon reward the grateful.” (Qur’an 3:144)

    Abu Bakr in his wise and poignant speech at the Prophet’s death made this point clear; “O men, If you have been worshiping Muhammad , then know that Muhammad is dead. But if you have been worshiping Allah, then know that Allah is living and never dies.

    The Qur’an points out that not just Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) but all of the messengers were human; “And We sent none before thee, but men to whom We made revelation — question the People of the Remembrance, if you do not know — nor did We fashion them as bodies that ate not food, neither were they immortal.” (Qur’an 21:7-8)

    The Qur’an makes it clear that he is not an angel, or an incarnation of God but a human being who would live and die like other humans ; “What kept men back from Belief when Guidance came to them, was nothing but this: they said “Has Allah sent a man (like us) to be (His) Messenger? Say “If there were settled, on earth angels walking about in peace and quiet, We should certainly have sent them down from the heavens an angel for an messenger.” (Qur’an 17:94-95)


    Miracle of The Prophet

    Posted: October 26, 2011 in Islam, Prophet
    Tags: , , , ,

    All the miracles, which were given to all the prophets, were time related. They cannot be seen by the present generation. For instance Moses was given the miracle of splitting the sea and transforming the stick into snake. During the period of Moses, magicians were the most powerful in their society, and Allah gave the miracle to Moses that overpowered the magicians of that period. Similarly, during the period of Jesus the physicians were
    powerful in the society, but they had no cure for blindness, leprosy and death. Jesus was given the miracle to cure the blind and the lepers and revive the dead and overpowered the physicians of his time. These are mentioned in the Quran and we do believe in them, yet we cannot see them happening now.

    The Prophet peace be upon him was born at a time when literature was at a very high standard in the Arabian Society. Yet those poets and people well versed in the Arabic language who keenly tried their very best, could not produce a single verse as
    compared to the Quran that was revealed through the tongue of an illiterate person. This Quran is now in our hands and until today the challenge, to produce a single verse like it still remains unanswered.

    When reading the Quran in Arabic, the feeling one has is different than reading it in any other language. As such the translation is not sufficient enough to convey the noble and lofty meanings of the Quran as it would in Arabic. Thus, the non-Arabic speakers will find it little bit difficult to appreciate and savor the linguistic miracle of the Quran. Yet, even today we find men moved to tears when listening to the verses of the Holy Quran in any language especially after they understand the meanings of the verses.

    The linguistic Miracles of the Quran: We have mentioned previously that at the time the Quran was revealed Arabs were a nation with a pure language of high linguistic skill. They love to listen to poets as well as literature and prose. Among them were poets and eloquent speakers attesting that communication skill is part of their culture. The Quran was revealed in an exceptional form of fluency that overpowered those people, and it challenged
    them to produce one chapter equivalent to that of its content.
    The poets not only failed to meet the challenge, they could not
    even produce a single verse. This challenge will stay till the day of
    judgement. It is worth mentioning here that even though some of
    the Arabs did not believe that it was revealed from Allah, they
    still admitted that it was a unique book.

    We can say that the eloquence of the Quran appears in the following areas:

    • Articulations of its words. Every word was situated in its proper place in such a way that no other word can be substituted instead.
    • Perfect, beautiful, and exquisite composition of the sentences.
    • Perfectly composed beautiful wordings consisting of correct and great meanings, prescribing the essential guidance to the human beings, inviting them to the worship of Allah and to be obedient to His commandments. They clarify the way of worship, Halal from Haraam, good morals against bad manners, information on decades of history, warning of the day of judgement etc.

    A person who reads the Quran will never be bored in spite of reading it repeatedly. Every piece of literature without exceptional eloquence has a limit in enjoyment for the reader in terms of the number of times he reads it. A person can memorize the Quran when young or read it in his old age. Yet every time he reads it, he feels that he is reading it for the first time in his life, as the Quran gives out more meanings and explanations every time a person reads it. This is true whether a person reads it in its original form, which means in Arabic or in its translation.

    The Quran gathers wide meaning in one single, short summarized form.
    Verily Allah enjoins Al-adl (i.e. Justice and worshipping none but Allah alone Islamic monotheism) and Al-Ihsan (i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allahs sake and in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet peace be upon him in a perfect manner), and giving (help) to kith and kin; and forbids Al-Fahsga (i.e. all evil deeds) and al-Munker (i.e. all that is prohibited by Islamic law) and al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression). He admonishes you, that you may take heed.
    [Qur’an 16:90]
    See how Allahs commands are given in this single verse, giving moral teachings prohibiting bad morals.
    The other is when Allah said about Moses, commanding the mother of Moses to throw away the child in the water and the assurance that Allah will bring him back as the prophet to the people of Pharaoh.
    So we sent this inspiration to the mother of Moses: suckle him (Moses), but when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not, nor grieve. Verily, We shall bring him back to you, and shall make him one of (Our) Messengers.
    [Qur’an 28:7]
    This sentence contains two glad tidings, two commandments and assurances.
    The Quran has wonderful and marvelous spiritual effect on everyone who hears it. The non-believers felt the fear and warnings seeping when they heard it recited unto them.

    While reading the Quran, you will feel deep inside you that whoever said these verses has knowledge of what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and knows about the previous nations, clearly describing what is in your soul. You will feel that He is the creator of this universe and He is talking to you. Should He, who created not know, and He is the most kind and courteous? You will feel that these words you are reading are very close to your nature signifying that such words cannot be man made.
    Taking into account all the previous points, you realize that Allah has revealed His words to Muhammad peace be upon him who is an illiterate person. “Read” [Qur’an 29:48]. It is a sign of his Prophethood that he is an illiterate person. The knowledge he preached to his people, is not the kind of knowledge disseminated through reading and research. It is a knowledge that can only come from the creator of the universe.

    These days we read a lot of books found in libraries around the world, talking about the Quran being revealed to this illiterate person.

    If we deeply look into all these things together, we reach the conclusion that putting together all these things and arranging them in the proper order is beyond the reach of a human being. For this reason, those who reject the Quran said, that it is plain poetry. Some said it was magic and some said it was all about fables and legends, yet they could not even produce a single sentence as appearing in the Quran.

    Source :

    A Simple Man

    Posted: October 24, 2011 in Islam, Prophet
    Tags: , , ,

    Despite his position as a leader, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
    never behaved as if he was greater or better than other people. He never made
    people feel small, unwanted or embarrassed. He urged his followers to live
    kindly and humbly, releasing slaves whenever they could and giving in charity,
    especially to very poor people, orphans and prisoners, without any thought or

    The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself was never greedy. He ate very little
    and only simple foods. He preferred never to fill his stomach. Sometimes, for
    days on end, he would eat nothing but raw food. He slept on a very simple
    mattress on the floor and had almost nothing in the way of home comforts or
    decorations. One day Hafsah, his wife, tried to make him more comfortable at
    night by folding his reed mat double – without telling him – to make it softer for
    him. That night he slept peacefully, but he overslept and missed the pre-dawn
    prayers. He was so distressed when he found out that he never slept like that

    Simple living and contentment were the key teachings in the Prophet’s (peace
    be upon him) life: “When you see a person who has been given more money and
    beauty than you, look then to those who have been given less.” In so doing, we
    will thank Allah for his blessings, rather than feeling deprived.

    People used to ask his wife, ‘Aishah, the daughter of the first and most loyal
    companion Abu Bakr, how he lived at home. “Like an ordinary man,” she would
    answer. “He would sweep the house, stitch his own clothes, mend his own
    sandals, water the camels, milk the goats, help the servants at their work, and eat
    his meals with them; and he would go to fetch what we need from the market.”
    He seldom had more than one set of clothes, which he washed himself.

    He was a home-loving, peace-loving human-being. “When you enter a house,
    ask God to bless it,” he would say. He greeted others with the phrase: As-salamu
    alaykum – which means: “May peace be upon you” – for peace is the most
    wonderful thing on earth.

    He was a firm believer in good manners, always greeting people kindly, and
    showing respect to elders. He once said: “The dearest of you to me are those who have good manners.”

    All his recorded words and actions reveal him as a man of great gentleness,
    kindness, humility, good humour and excellent common sense, who had a great
    love of animals and for all people especially his family. Above all, he was a man
    who practiced what he preached. His life, both private and public, was a perfect
    model for his followers.

    The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not have many children. His two sons by
    Khadija died when they were very small, and another baby boy, whom he had
    later on, also died. However, he had four daughters, all of whom married and had
    children. Of them, the most famous, was his youngest daughter, Fatimah, who
    married his nephew ‘Ali and gave him two grandsons, Hasan and Husayn, and
    two granddaughters, Zaynab and Umm Kulthum.

    Source :


    Who Was He?

    Comparing Jesus & Muhammad

    The Comforter, the Spirit of Truth, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said unto you.

    [Bible – John 14:26]

    Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “A messenger will come after me, named Ahmad.

    [Holy Quran 61:6]

    The chief priests and Levites asked John the Baptist, “If you are not the Christ (Messiah), and not Elijah – are you THAT Prophet?

    [Bible – John 1:20]

    When the chief priests and Levites asked John the Baptist who he was, they asked him in a very strange way. First they questioned him as to whether or not he was the anticipated “Messiah” [Christ in Koine Greek]. He was not the “Messiah” that had hoped for. Next they asked if he was the prophet Elijah and again he tells them, “No.” Now comes the really strange part. Finally, they asked him if he is “That Prophet?”

    Are you Christ? – [No]
    Are you Elijah? – [No]
    Are you THAT Prophet? – [No]

    What did they mean by “That Prophet?” We of course, know who the “Christ” is. After all, Christians should know that “Christ” is merely a shortened form of the Koine Greek word “christos,” intended to mean the Hebrew word “Messiah.”

    The Jews of two thousand years ago were definitely looking for the Messiah, who it was foretold in their books, would come and lead them to victory over their oppressors and thus gain for them mastery over this world. They were much oppressed under Roman domination and even their own Jewish kings were seen as nothing more than puppets or agents for the disbelievers. Certainly, they would have been most happy to see someone come on the scene who would defeat their Roman masters and slave drivers.

    Then the priests and Levites asked John the Baptist if he might be the prophet Elijah, returning back after hundreds of years being away. There was the notion amongst them that Elijah would come back. But again, John the Baptist is denying he is Elijah.

    Then, who is he? They wonder at this man living out in the desert and forsaking wealth and luxury and fasting, avoiding the material attractions of life.

    Again, they ask John the Baptist who he is. “Are you THAT Prophet?” And one more time he denies being “THAT Prophet,” but then he does tell them about someone who will come after him soon, whom he claims he is not worthy to even unlace his shoes.

    However, this does not answer the question, “Who were they expecting besides the Messiah?” Could it be they were looking for someone like Muhammad? (Could be)

    Who is THAT Prophet? –

    Keep reading and learn who “That Prophet” is and what other proofs can be discovered within the Holy texts to support this idea.

    For centuries Muslims have believed Jesus, peace and blessings be upon him, was “THAT Prophet” mentioned in these words of the Gospel of John. The Quran states one of the important features of Jesus’ mission was to give the “bashir” or ‘glad tidings’ of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. During his short missionary career that lasted not more than three years, and which was overshadowed by the hostile attitude of his own people, Jesus gave them the good news of Ahmad, (one of the forms of “Muhammad”) the last messenger of God, who would perfect the divine teaching both in theory and in practice. The Quran mentions that, Jesus says:

    O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah {Almighty God} (sent) to you, confirming the Law (Torah or Old Testament) before me, and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad.

    [Holy Quran 61:6]

    The Quran gives the name as Ahmad, one of several ways to say Muhammad’s name. Just as we have in English the name Joseph, and often use a shorter form such as “Joe” or the familiar form, “Joey,” and other names like “Jonathan” which becomes “John”; “Jack” or “Johnny”, so in the same way we find Arabic has similar forms for a name. Muhammad, Ahmad and Hamad are a few of the names originating from the root word, “hamd” (meaning ‘praise) in Arabic, and can be understood as “The one who praises (God)”; “the praised one”; “praising”; etc.

    Abdullah Yusuf Ali in his translation of the meanings of the Quran to English, he states, “Ahmad or Muhammad, the Praised One is a translation of the Koine Greek word Periclytos. In the present gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 and 16:7, the Greek word Paracletos is translated in the NIV as Comforter. Paracletos can mean an Advocate, or “one called to the help of another”, “a kind friend.” Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, was known from birth as one who brought comfort and reconciliation to family, friends and strangers alike, especially in bringing together the ties of kinship and brotherly love.

    Another nick name of the prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, mentioned in the Bible (or at least what is left of it in the English language) is “The Spirit of Truth.” As-Saddiq means exactly that and it is was another name given to Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, by those who knew his proclivity for honesty and integrity.

    The New Testament Gospel according to John, Jesus, peace and blessings be upon him, promises them the Paracletos will come four times (John 14:16; 14:26; 15:26; 16:7). Naturally, Jesus, peace and blessings be upon him, did not return in their lifetime nor did any other prophet for that matter, so later thinkers came up with the notion that it was not Jesus “in person” but rather, Jesus coming back in “spirit form.” This led some Christians to assert, this was to be the Holy Spirit, who would descend upon the disciples on the Day of the Pentecost (Acts 2), to witness Christ and lead them into the whole truth and to be with the believers forever, and they would not die (John 3:16), but have everlasting life. Also, some added verses later (see footnotes to Revised Standard Version of the Bible) to the very last chapter of Mark (16), wherein, they have the Spirit coming upon them in such a way they imagined themselves going to be able to speak with new languages; pick up snakes, lay hands on the sick to cure them and even drink poison and nothing would hurt them. [Luke 23:17-18]

    Another point is, the Paracletos, comforter or the Spirit of truth, was going to dwell with us from now on. Certainly anyone could see Muhammad’s influence and his message of worshipping only One God without any partners has prevailed long after his earthly life.

    Source :